The term ‘Ides of March’ refers to the day of the full moon. Each month has an Ides, March, May, July, and October have theirs on the 15th of each month, the rest enjoy theirs on the 13th.
It means “to divide” in Latin.
In Julius Cesar’s time, the Ides were on the 25th, but with the “modern” change to the Gregorian calendar, they all moved UP.
It was a festive day in Rome until 44 BC. March itself was named after the Roman god of war, Mars. Military parades were held; people partied, got naked, acted UP, and were generally debauched.
Sounds like fun!
But, alas, poor Julius had been warned by a soothsayer named Spurinna, who with a name like that was obviously from Southern Italy, to “beware of the Ides of March”. She was on to something.
Cesar stayed home on the 13th of March, apparently he was confused about the month and when its Ides were. He actually kept himself locked in his rooms all day. Well, according to historians…I wasn’t there, so, I can’t say.
But on the 15th, the real Ides, his ‘buddy’ and co-conspirator in his murder, Decimus (Albinus) Brutus (not Marcus Brutus of “et tu Brutus” fame) talked him into going to the Senate. After all, he was the Emperor of Rome.
Why be such a wuss and stay home? Come on, the air will do ya good.
Along the way, they ran into Spurinna, who was riding shot-gun in her sister Farina’s charot. When he saw her, Cesar said, “The Ides of March have come.” And she replied, “Ay, they have come, but they are not gone.”
Well, according to Shakespeare at least.
Julius Cesar proceeded to the Roman Senate, where he was stabbed 23 times by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus and sixty other co-conspirators.
So, I guess the old broad was right!